Candice Yang Johnson, PhD, MS

Assistant Professor in Family Medicine and Community Health

Candice Johnson is an epidemiologist who studies how workplace exposures and work-related policies affect the health of workers and their families. Her research interests include fluid intake and bathroom access at work, women’s health, reproductive health, epidemiologic methods, and the roles of racism and gender discrimination in occupational health inequities.

Before coming to Duke, Dr. Johnson spent two years as an Epidemic Intelligence Service Officer and six years as an Epidemiologist at CDC’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health where she studied workplace hazards in populations such as flight attendants, teachers, and nurses. She also deployed in support of CDC's Ebola and Zika virus responses. Dr. Johnson received her PhD in Epidemiology from Emory University and MSc in Epidemiology from the University of Ottawa (Canada). 

Education and Training

  • University of Ottawa (Canada), M.S. 2008
  • Emory University, Ph.D. 2012


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Johnson CY, Grajewski B, Lawson CC, Whelan EA, Bertke SJ, Tseng C-Y. Occupational risk factors for endometriosis in a cohort of flight attendants. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2016 Jan;42(1):52–60.
Johnson CY, Grajewski B. Bias from Differential Exposure Measurement Error in a Study of Flight Attendants. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance. 2015 Nov;86(11):990–3.
Grinnell M, Dixon MG, Patton M, Fitter D, Bilivogui P, Johnson C, et al. Ebola Virus Disease in Health Care Workers--Guinea, 2014. Mmwr Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2015 Oct 2;64(38):1083–7.
Johnson CY, Luckhaupt SE, Lawson CC. Inequities in workplace secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking women of reproductive age. Am J Public Health. 2015 Jul;105 Suppl 3:e33–40.
Howards PP, Johnson CY, Honein MA, Flanders WD, National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Adjusting for bias due to incomplete case ascertainment in case-control studies of birth defects. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2015 Apr;181(8):595–607.
Lawson CC, Johnson CY, Chavarro JE, Lividoti Hibert EN, Whelan EA, Rocheleau CM, et al. Work schedule and physically demanding work in relation to menstrual function: the Nurses' Health Study 3. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2015 Mar;41(2):194–203.
Chin HB, Johnson CY, Kim KH, Knight JH, Mertens AC, Mink PJ, et al. Piloting a computer assisted telephone interview: the FUCHSIA Women's Study. Bmc Women’S Health. 2014 Nov 30;14:149.
Johnson CY, Flanders WD, Strickland MJ, Honein MA, Howards PP. Potential sensitivity of bias analysis results to incorrect assumptions of nondifferential or differential binary exposure misclassification. Epidemiology. 2014 Nov;25(6):902–9.
Brinker K, Head CA, Johnson CY, Funk RH. Injuries and illnesses among American Red Cross responders-United States, 2008-2012. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 2014 Oct 29;8(5):404–10.
Ailes EC, Gilboa SM, Riehle-Colarusso T, Johnson CY, Hobbs CA, Correa A, et al. Prenatal diagnosis of nonsyndromic congenital heart defects. Prenatal Diagnosis. 2014 Mar;34(3):214–22.